At Italy On This Day you will read about events and festivals, about important moments in history, and about the people who have made Italy the country it is today, and where they came from. Italy is a country rich in art and music, fashion and design, food and wine, sporting achievement and political diversity. Italy On This Day provides fascinating insights to help you enjoy it all the more.

3 April 2019

3 April

Alcide de Gasperi - prime minister who rebuilt Italy


Christian Democrat founder was jailed by Mussolini

Born on this day in 1881, Alcide de Gasperi was the Italian prime minister who founded the Christian Democrat party and led the rebuilding of the country after World War II. An opponent of Benito Mussolini who survived being locked up by the Fascist dictator, he was the head of eight consecutive governments between 1945 and 1953, a record for longevity in post-War Italian politics. Although Silvio Berlusconi has spent more time in office - nine years and 53 days compared with De Gasperi's seven years and 238 days - the media tycoon's time in power was fragmented, whereas De Gasperi served continuously until his resignation in 1953. Read more...

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Maria Redaelli - supercentenarian


Inter fan who was the oldest living person in Europe

Maria Angela Redaelli, a supercentenarian who for 10 months was the oldest living person in Europe and for 14 months the oldest living person in Italy, was born on this day in 1899 in Inzago in Lombardy. She died in 2013 on the eve of what would have been her 114th birthday, at which point she was the fourth oldest living person in the world, behind the Japanese supercentenarians Jiroemon Kimura and Misao Okawa, and the American Gertrude Weaver. Kimura died two months later at the age of 116 years and 54 days, which is the most advanced age reached by any male in the history of the human race, according to verifiable records. Read more…

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Alessandro Stradella – violinist and composer


Talented musician lived for romance and adventure

Baroque composer Alessandro Stradella, who led a colourful life courting danger while producing more than 300 highly regarded musical works, was born on this day in 1639 at Nepi in the province of Viterbo, north of Rome in the Lazio region. He worked in Rome composing sacred music for Queen Christina of Sweden, who had abdicated her throne to go and live there, but left for Venice under suspicion of attempting to embezzle money from the Roman Catholic Church. After surviving at attack in the street in Venice, thought to be linked to his affair with the mistress of a Venetian nobleman, five years later he was stabbed to death in Genoa, but the identity of his killers was never confirmed. Read more…

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