Troops enter the capital in final act of unification
|Bersaglieri soldiers storm through the walls of Rome in|
this 1880 painting by Carlo Ademollo
Rome had remained under French control even after the first Italian parliament had proclaimed Victor Emmanuel of Savoy the King of Italy in 1861.
The Italian parliament had declared Rome the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy even though it had not yet taken control of the city.
A French garrison had remained in Rome on the orders of Napoleon III of France in support of Pope Pius IX.
|An 1860 portrait of|
Victor Emmanuel II
King Victor Emmanuel II was then able to take up residence in the Quirinale Palace and Italy was declared officially united.
The date of 20 September, which marked the end of the Risorgimento, the long process of Italian unification, is commemorated in practically every town in Italy with a street named Via XX Settembre.
|Porta Pia, designed by Michelangelo in 1564, stands at the|
end of Via XX Settembre, not far from the Villa Borghese
Porta Pia is a gate in Rome’s ancient walls, named after Pope Pius lV, who commissioned Michelangelo to design it just before his death in Rome in 1564. You will find it at the end of Via XX Settembre, which goes off Piazza di San Bernardo, not far from the Quirinale Palace and the Trevi Fountain. A marble and brass monument - the Monumento al Bersagliere - commemorating the liberation of Rome was erected near the place the Italian troops breached the walls, opposite the external façade of the gate.
One of Italy's many Via XX Settembre can be found in the beautiful city of Bergamo in northern Italy. Bergamo's Via XX Settembre is one of the main thoroughfares in the lower town and has been dubbed ‘the shopping street’ by the locals because of the wealth of smart shops that line both sides, from department stores, book and gift shops to jewellery and fashion stores. Top names gracing the elegant street include Calvin Klein, Stefanel, Benetton, Max Mara, Luisa Spagnoli, Marina Rinaldi and Sisley.